Legend of Manco Capac

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The Incas worshiped several deities, among them the INTI or SUN; who is going to be one of the participants present within this legend.

This is an Inca legend, dating back to the beginning of the Inca Empire. This legend was transmitted orally, from era to era, in the Andes. It was compiled and recorded on paper by Inca Garcilaso de la Vega.

Who was Manco Capac?

According to some chroniclers, Manco Inca or Ayar Manco was the first governor and founder of the Inca culture in Cuzco (Beginning of the 13th century).

By whom was the legend compiled?

It was compiled by Gómez Suárez de Figueroa, called by the name of Inca Garcilaso de la Vega from 1563, he was a writer and historian.

Legend of Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo

The legend of Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo, also called the legend of Lake Titicaca, was accumulated and made known by the mestizo chronicler Inca Garcilaso de la Vega (1539-1616), described in his work “Royal Commentaries”.

The maternal group of Inca Garcilaso de la Vega had a place with Inca respectability, which were the direct sources on the roots of Inca culture.

Manco Capac o Ayar Manco

Manco Capac: or Ayar Manco, was the author and first legislative leader of the Incas, according to a Colla (legend of Manco Capac) he was a saint of semi-divine nature, for being the son of the Sun God (Inti).

Legend has it that in the districts near Lake Titicaca, men lived like wild creatures, since they had no religion, no legislative affairs, no association.

The occupants did not know agricultural or material strategies, which is why they walked around naked and lived in caves and their diet consisted of collecting food and hunting animals.

Seeing this reality, God Inti saw the need to send someone who could socialize these men. Manco Capac was a hero of semi-divine nature, for being the son of the Sun.

He was sent together with Mama Ocllo, with the mission of conciliating and socializing individuals who until then were in complete disorder, and in this way establishing a domain to respect the God Inti.

The God Inti gifted them with a golden scepter, demonstrating that every time they stopped to eat or rest, they had to plant this bright scepterin the ground.

In any place where it sinks without the slightest effort, the Cusco will be made.

Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo appeared among the foams of Lake Titicaca. The locals were amazed by the splendor of their clothing and the splendor of their gems that made men notice that they were divine beings.

Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo traveled north. Many days passed without the golden scepter sinking into the ground.

One morning they landed in a magnificent valley cordoned off by notable slopes and mountains, one of the slopes called Huanacauri, where the shining scepter sank without much effort.

This is the means by which they found the land that had been gifted to them by the God Inti. Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo settled there.

It was there that the city of Cusco, “The Navel of the World”, the capital of the Inca Empire, was built.

Manco Capac immediately began the construction of the city in the Cusco valley. He showed men agriculture, fishing, house building, science, religion, etc.

Mama Ocllo was in charge of preparing the ladies in household chores and knitting to make garments that would cover them from their exhibition.

Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo were the creators of the kingdom that would later make their relatives extraordinary.

Summary of the legend of Manco Capac

Outline: According to this legend, “Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo”, who were children of the Sun (Inti), emerged from the waters of Lake Titicaca and, fulfilling the mission that their father had entrusted to them.

They headed towards the northwest of the Collao area, carrying a golden scepter, with which they had to test the land to determine its habitability, place and stay that had to be raised in any place where it sank.

They landed on the slope of Huanacaure, where the gold bar sank, and there, satisfying the order of their father, the Sun, they established the Inca Empire, based on the city of Cusco.

Interpretation of the Legend of Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo

The legend is about legendary characters, seen as of celestial origin, who accompany a crucial humanizer from south to north of Peru.

This sense is symbolized by the golden scepter that sinks into the earth like the plant into the ground to flourish.

The clarification of this legend has solid and genuine help since it shows that Manco Capac speaks to an entire country, perhaps about Tiawanakus who lived in the area of the sacred lake.

As is known, the most fertile lands are precisely around the lake, so there was a minute when the population explosion and the scarcity of land forced the nation to look for another rich and spacious place.

Likewise, it is maintained that possibly the province of Tiawanako, whose capital was in Taypiqala, was demolished by Aymara invaders from the area of Tucumán and Coquimbo in the south and its occupants were forced to move to the Qosqo valley.

It is shown that the advance of the Tiawanako or Tiwanaku (Bolivian name) had a definitive support in the development of the Tawantinsuyo.

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